All forms of production efficiency are not the same. From pulp and paper to mining, food and beverage to upstream oil and gas, and municipal to refining industries, there are similar approaches and very different production challenges faced by each industry segment. The performance of physical assets and process control are often linked to measurement, monitoring and control elements. Operating costs and throughput are impacted by people, process and technology. Each have contributions towards reliability, safety incidents, alarms and environmental compliance.